Urinary incontinence refers to the loss of control of urination. It is a relatively common condition in both men and women, and can be caused by a number of factors. Some temporary causes include a urinary tract infection, constipation and certain medications. Other causes include weakness of bladder muscles or pelvic floor, and neurological disorders like multiple sclerosis and Parkinson's disease.
There are several types of incontinence, including:
Treatment for urinary incontinence depends on the cause of the condition, and Dr Maharajh may advise surgery, prescription medication or pelvic floor physiotherapy or a combination.
Urinary infections are caused by infectious organisms in the urogenital tract. Although infections can affect both men and women, they are more common in women as they have shorter urethras, and, as a result, bacteria are able to access the bladder more easily. Some common symptoms of a urinary tract infection include pain during urination, frequent need to urinate, abdominal and back pain, fatigue, and fever.
In order to diagnose a urinary tract infection, Dr Maharajh will do a urine test to check for bacteria. She may prescribe antibiotics to kill the bacteria and address the presenting symptoms.